Observation, diagnostics and communication are methods to detect—and report when needed—signs of livestock diseases. Learn how to tell when your animals are healthy and when they aren't, and work with a veterinarian to diagnose and treat before a disease spreads. Communicating to employees, service providers and visitors about your biosecurity measures is important for their compliance. It is also important to communicate effectively about a disease situation, particularly when a reportable or foreign animal disease is present. Let your biosecurity community know how they can support you and help to protect your animals, especially when the signs of a disease are present.

Checking a horse's hoof for problems.


Daily observation is important for getting to know your animals and to detect early signs of health issues.

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Surveillance at a swine operation.

Emerging and Foreign Animal Diseases

Learn your "BUDDIES", clinical signs that may indicate serious disease or occurrence of an emerging or foreign animal disease.

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Laboratory testing of livestock specimen.


Laboratory testing is essential for determining what is the cause and how to respond when animals are sick.

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A farmer standing in front of a herd of cows.


Clear and concise communication will help motivate employees and visitors to follow your biosecurity protocols.

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