Four black angus cows with red ear tags standing in a field.

Some Over-the-Counter Livestock Antibiotics Now Require a Prescription

Keeley ParishAnimal Health, Livestock diseases, Policy

On June 11, 2023, certain antibiotics for treating livestock that were available over the counter (OTC) will now require a veterinary prescription. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) made an announcement on June 12, 2023 of the transition status. Slowing Antimicrobial Resistance During September of 2018, the FDA announced a five-year plan to slow the development of antimicrobial resistance, …

The Caribbean Island of Hispaniola with Haiti and the Dominican Republic.

Too Close for Comfort: African Swine Fever Identified in Haiti & the Dominican Republic

Keeley ParishAnimal Health, Livestock diseases, Planning

About 20 percent of Vermont dairy farms raise pigs as well as dairy cows. Ninety percent of these farms raise pigs seasonally, and their health concerns may not be a priority for farmers. However, there is growing concern about the global spread of African swine fever (ASF), a deadly foreign animal disease (FAD) of pigs that was identified in two …

A graphic showing two farmers feeding three pigs from a trough on a farm.

Use Biosecurity to Prepare and Prevent African Swine Fever in the U.S.

Dr. Julie SmithAnimal Health, Livestock diseases

African swine fever (ASF) is an incurable viral disease of pigs but does not pose a threat to human health. There are many ways that ASF can spread from one part of the world to another, or from one premises to another. The following guidelines for keeping pigs healthy are especially important for reducing the chances of spreading ASF. Do …

A flock of Canada geese in a field.

Watch Your Step: HPAI Is Afoot!

Dr. Julie SmithAnimal Health, Livestock diseases, Wildlife

April 12, 2022 Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) in commercial and backyard poultry flocks has expanded to regions across the United States. Click on the links below to track the most recent HPAI confirmations: USDA APHIS 2022 Confirmations of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza in Commercial and Backyard FlocksOpens a new window USDA APHIS 2022 Detections of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza …

Three turkeys in a flock.

Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Found in U.S. Turkeys

Joanna CummingsAnimal Health, Livestock diseases

February, 2022 – The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Veterinary Services Laboratory recently found highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 in turkeys tested from a commercial farm in Indiana. As a result, the premises were quarantined and the flock depopulated to prevent the spread of the disease. USDA’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) confirmed HPAI in wild birds …

Two beef cows in a field

Flies, Ticks and Anaplasmosis

Kortnie WheatonAnimal Health, Livestock diseases, Sanitation, Wildlife

Finding a dead cow on a farm is very alarming. A farmer needs to know why, because there are many causes that result in a cow dying. In this particular case, a call to the veterinarian and some diagnostic tests determined that the cow had anaplasmosis.  Anaplasmosis is a bacterial infection of concern to cattle producers because they might lose …

Sheep in a field with barns in the background

Rinderpest’s Reign of Terror

Katie LobertiAnimal Health, Livestock diseases, Policy, Wildlife

A disease so fearsome it was given the name “cattle plague”, rinderpest left behind trails of devastation in the wake of outbreaks. The 1887-1892 Great Ethiopian Famine occurred when almost all of the cattle, buffaloes, sheep, goats and wildlife species died from this disease (Morens, D. M., et al., 2011). In the 19th century, rinderpest killed 20 percent of all …

Angus cows

Bovine Theileriosis and the Asian Longhorned Tick

Kortnie WheatonAnimal Health, Livestock diseases, Risk assessment Leave a Comment

Bovine theileriosis (Tie-lir-ee-OH-suhs) is a tick-borne disease caused by a protozoan blood parasite, Theileriosis orientalis. (Malaria is another disease caused by a protozoan blood parasite, but it is mosquito-borne.) It is often referred to as bovine anemia due to the chronic anemia that it can cause in cattle, and it affects many different species of cattle, buffalo and small ruminants …

Grey rabbit sitting

Leaping Across the U.S.: Rabbit Hemorrhagic Disease

Katie LobertiAnimal Health, Livestock diseases, Risk assessment Leave a Comment

Imagine walking into a rabbitry one day and noticing multiple rabbits dead with nothing other than a little bit of blood on their nose. A highly contagious foreign animal disease by the name of rabbit hemorrhagic disease (RHD) is on the rise nationally, and is causing many rabbit farmers and owners to fear for their stock and pets. While it …

Black faced sheep herd

Sheep and Wool Supply Plan

Joanna CummingsAnimal Health, Livestock diseases, Planning Leave a Comment

The United States is fortunate that foot and mouth disease (FMD)—a highly contagious, devastating viral disease of cloven-hoofed animals—has not occurred in the country since 1929. Secure Food Supply Plans, including the Secure Sheep and Wool Supply Plan, were developed to assist producers, transporters and food processors in the event of a foreign animal disease outbreak in the U.S., namely …

Swine farm

Updates on African Swine Fever

Kortnie WheatonAnimal Health, Livestock diseases, Traffic Control Leave a Comment

*Updated March, 2023. African swine fever (ASF) has the potential to destroy the U. S. pork industry by killing millions of pigs if it enters the country. A study from Iowa State University projected that if ASF spread to the United States and was not controlled within two years, the pork industry would lose $50 billion over ten years. Even …

Two horses touching noses

An Unwelcome Sign of Summer: Vesicular Stomatitis

Katie LobertiAnimal Health, Livestock diseases Leave a Comment

Imagine looking forward to spending time with your horses during the summer, but finding them drooling with blistered tongues and muzzles. Unfortunately, this is what some farmers and equestrians in southwestern and midwestern areas of the United States are experiencing this summer because of an outbreak of vesicular stomatitis (VS). VS is a zoonotic disease—caused by the VS virus (VSV)—and …