Wood duck with ducklings

Getting Stung: Mosquitoes, EEE and Biosecurity

Samantha Shields Animal Health, Livestock diseases Leave a Comment

Mosquitoes are stealthy pests, but red itchy bumps are not the only thing they leave behind. Mosquitoes can transmit viruses like the one that causes eastern equine encephalitis (EEE or Triple E). Although outbreaks of EEE are not widespread across the United States, the disease can be devastating. An Uncommon but Serious Disease Eastern equine encephalitis is an uncommon but …

Two horses touching noses

Limiting the Spread of Equine Herpesvirus-1

Samantha Shields Animal Health, Livestock diseases Leave a Comment

Both voluntary and official quarantines are used to limit the spread of equine herpesvirus-1 (EHV-1). For a month beginning the week prior to Thanksgiving 2019, both types of movement restriction were implemented in several parts of the country. Case reports can be found on the disease outbreak alert page maintained by the Equine Disease Communication Center (EDCC). The Impacts of …

USDA beagle inspector dog

International Travel: A Disease Risk for Livestock

Samantha Shields Farm Visitors, Livestock diseases Leave a Comment

During October 2019, Australia’s agriculture minister cancelled a Vietnamese woman’s visa after authorities found 22 pounds of undeclared food products in her luggage. The luggage contained pork, quail, squid, pâté, fruit, eggs and garlic (Griffiths, 2019). International travel and trade increases the risks of introducing a foreign/exotic disease or pest into another country. Australia had to develop an extensive eradication …

Lamb in a field

Producers Benefit from Scrapie Program Cooperation

Samantha Shields Animal Health, Livestock diseases, Policy Leave a Comment

There are many reasons why people are reluctant to comply with government laws and regulations. However, a cooperative state-federal-industry program for eradicating scrapie in the United States has resulted in excellent progress towards eliminating this disease in sheep and goats. The number of animals testing positive for scrapie in the U.S. has decreased by 99 percent, since analysis of producer-submitted …

View of a farm and lake at sunset

Draw the Line on Livestock Diseases

Samantha Shields Animal Health, Livestock diseases, Sanitation, Traffic Control Leave a Comment

A line of separation is a biosecurity practice that involves setting up boundaries or zones on a livestock operation. The purpose of the line is to block the introduction, or limit the spread of disease-causing agents (NPPC, 2013). Compliance with procedures for crossing the line can become an issue with farm workers and visitors. The line is meant to separate …

Four farm pigs

DUNS Number & Indemnity for FAD Disasters

Samantha Shields Livestock diseases, Policy Leave a Comment

African swine fever (ASF) is a foreign animal disease (FAD) that has been rapidly spreading across Asia and parts of Europe. When ASF is found on a premises, all of the animals must be culled to prevent further disease spread. If this disease is found in the United States, the federal government will offer compensation to owners of swine herds …

Horse and rider jumping over gate

Vesicular Stomatitis Impacts Livestock Exhibitions

Samantha Shields Animal Health, Livestock diseases Leave a Comment

Summer and fall are the times of year when many livestock producers participate in fairs, exhibitions and shows. However, it is not the time to be lax about biosecurity measures given the ongoing risks of commingling animals at these events. An outbreak of vesicular stomatitis (VS) in the southwestern region of the United States was confirmed on June 21, 2019 …

Poultry production and secure food supply plans

Small Farms, Big Impact: Secure Food Supply Plans

Samantha Shields Animal Health, Livestock diseases, Policy Leave a Comment

Livestock production in the United States varies in size and scope from large-scale commercial operations to small-scale, backyard producers. At the national level, plans have been created to ensure that in the event of a foreign animal disease outbreak, unaffected parts of the agriculture industry can avoid interruption. These “food supply plans” may seem unimportant for farms with local markets …

Pigs on a farm

Voluntary Sharing of Disease Data has Value

Julie M. Smith PhD Animal Health, Livestock diseases, Research Leave a Comment

Biosecurity and surveillance are complementary. Health surveillance in human, plant, or animal contexts involves collecting, analyzing, and interpreting health-related data. These data then inform what is done in terms of health programs and strategic communication. National surveillance systems often rely on the reporting of diagnoses of certain diseases to regulatory agencies. However, agricultural industries can find value in sharing animal …

Dominoes on a table

Domino Effect of the African Swine Fever Outbreak

Meg Stevens Animal Health, Livestock diseases, Risk Communication Leave a Comment

What do you do when an uncontrolled virus is rapidly sweeping the world’s largest pork producer, killing millions of pigs? Furthermore, how do you make people who are removed from the problem care about it? China is currently trying to answer these questions as they experience an African swine fever (ASF) outbreak, a huge threat to national and international biosecurity. …