During the 2015 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) outbreak in the United States, over 50 million chickens died. This led to a 12 percent drop in the egg layer market, severely impacting revenue across the U.S. (Chappell, 2022). HPAI, which is often referred to as “bird flu,” struck again in February 2022 and 57 million birds (APHIS, 2023) have died in this latest outbreak. The high death rate reflects a primary control measure where all poultry on a premises are “depopulated,” or destroyed, if HPAI is present on a farm. These occurrences of HPAI have severely impacted the livelihoods of producers across the U.S.
Foreign Animal Disease Threats
HPAI is considered a foreign animal disease (FAD), which is a classification of livestock and poultry diseases that are generally not known to exist in the United States. These diseases are highly transmissible (infectious) and can have significant economic or health impacts where outbreaks occur.
Another FAD called African swine fever (ASF) is putting U.S. pork producers on high alert. This disease has spread across Asia, parts of Europe, and recently reached the Dominican Republic and Haiti on the Caribbean island of Hispaniola. If ASF is detected on any U.S. farms, all infected pigs will be depopulated (ASF, 2022).
Register for Indemnity
If animals are depopulated for disease control, the U.S. government will offer compensation for the value of the animals and for disease elimination. To receive compensation, an “entity” needs register in the System for Award Management (SAM) (ASF, 2022), to get a unique entity identifier (UEI). An entity is defined as an individual or business that is applying to receive financial benefits from the government (Entity Information).
In April 2022, the federal government changed the entity identifier from DUNS (Data Universal Numbering System) to UEI. (DUNS to Unique Entity, SAM.gov). The UEI numbers are generated by SAM, so registration can be completed in one place. There is no fee to register, and the number is never deleted. The registration must be renewed yearly.
Owners of poultry and swine threatened by FADs like HPAI and ASF should consider registering in SAM proactively. In an FAD outbreak, farmers without a UEI will face delays in their eligibility to collect any benefits. However, those prepared with a UEI will more quickly receive payment from the government.
African Swine Fever (ASF). (2022, August 31). USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Retrieved February 21, 2023, from https://www.aphis.usda.gov/aphis/ourfocus/animalhealth/animal-disease-information/swine-disease-information/african-swine-fever/seminar
African Swine Fever: A Producer’s Guide to the Federal Emergency Response Process. (2021, August). USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Retrieved February 21, 2023, from https://www.aphis.usda.gov/publications/animal_health/fsc-asf-producers-guide-emer-response.pdf
APHIS Celebrates 2022 Accomplishments. (2023, Feb. 3). USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Retrieved February 21, 2023, from https://www.aphis.usda.gov/aphis/newsroom/news/sa_by_date/sa-2023/aphis-2022-accomps
Chappell, B. (2022, December 2). What we know about the deadliest U.S. bird flu outbreak in history. National Public Radio. https://www.npr.org/2022/12/02/1140076426/what-we-know-about-the-deadliest-u-s-bird-flu-outbreak-in-history
Do I have to re-register my entity or update my entity to get a Unique Entity ID? (2023, April 10). Federal Service Desk. Retrieved February 21, 2023, from https://www.fsd.gov/gsafsd_sp?id=kb_article_view&sysparm_article=KB0045988&sys_kb_id=94dff19f1b4e85d40ca4a97ae54bcb56&spa=1
DUNS to Unique Entity ID (SAM) Transition. (n.d.). SAM.gov. https://sam.gov/content/duns-uei
Entity Information. (n.d.). SAM.gov. https://sam.gov/content/entity-information
How can I view my Unique Entity ID? (2023, March). Federal Service Desk. Retrieved February 21, 2023, from https://www.fsd.gov/gsafsd_sp?id=kb_article_view&sysparm_article=KB0041254&sys_kb_id=875189f21bee8d54937fa64ce54bcbaa&spa=1
Unique Entity Identifier Update. (2023, April 19). U.S. General Services Administration. Retrieved February 20, 2023, from https://www.gsa.gov/about-us/organization/federal-acquisition-service/technology-transformation-services/integrated-award-environment-iae/iae-systems-information-kit/unique-entity-identifier-update
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