Four brown chickens with red crops walking around in a barn.

Register for Indemnity Before a Livestock or Poultry Disease Disaster Strikes

Keeley ParishLivestock diseases, Planning

During the 2015 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) outbreak in the United States, over 50 million chickens died. This led to a 12 percent drop in the egg layer market, severely impacting revenue across the U.S. (Chappell, 2022). HPAI, which is often referred to as “bird flu,” struck again in February 2022 and 57 million birds (APHIS, 2023) have died …

The Caribbean Island of Hispaniola with Haiti and the Dominican Republic.

Too Close for Comfort: African Swine Fever Identified in Haiti & the Dominican Republic

Keeley ParishAnimal Health, Livestock diseases, Planning

About 20 percent of Vermont dairy farms raise pigs as well as dairy cows. Ninety percent of these farms raise pigs seasonally, and their health concerns may not be a priority for farmers. However, there is growing concern about the global spread of African swine fever (ASF), a deadly foreign animal disease (FAD) of pigs that was identified in two …

Several pink pigs feeding on grain in a barn.

Taking Biosecurity from Zero to 60 Overnight

Dr. Julie SmithLivestock diseases, Planning

(Feature image courtesy of the National Pork Board, Des Moines, Iowa.) In an April 2023 article published in Progressive Dairy a question was asked, “what do speed tests have to do with biosecurity?” Julie Smith, veterinarian and research associate professor at the University of Vermont, considers what it means for a farm to go from “zero to 60” quickly in …

Sheep in a field with barns in the background.

Rinderpest’s Reign of Terror

Katie LobertiAnimal Health, Livestock diseases, Policy, Wildlife

A disease so fearsome it was given the name “cattle plague”, rinderpest left behind trails of devastation in the wake of outbreaks. The 1887-1892 Great Ethiopian Famine occurred when almost all of the cattle, buffaloes, sheep, goats and wildlife species died from this disease (Morens, D. M., et al., 2011). In the 19th century, rinderpest killed 20 percent of all …

A grey baby rabbit sitting on a wooden bench.

Leaping Across the U.S.: Rabbit Hemorrhagic Disease

Katie LobertiAnimal Health, Livestock diseases, Risk assessment Leave a Comment

Imagine walking into a rabbitry one day and noticing multiple rabbits dead with nothing other than a little bit of blood on their nose. A highly contagious foreign animal disease by the name of rabbit hemorrhagic disease (RHD) is on the rise nationally, and is causing many rabbit farmers and owners to fear for their stock and pets. While it …

Black faced sheep herd

Sheep and Wool Supply Plan

Joanna CummingsAnimal Health, Livestock diseases, Planning Leave a Comment

The United States is fortunate that foot and mouth disease (FMD)—a highly contagious, devastating viral disease of cloven-hoofed animals—has not occurred in the country since 1929. Secure Food Supply Plans, including the Secure Sheep and Wool Supply Plan, were developed to assist producers, transporters and food processors in the event of a foreign animal disease outbreak in the U.S., namely …

A large swine farm barn filled with many stalls of large, pink pigs.

Updates on African Swine Fever

Kortnie WheatonAnimal Health, Livestock diseases, Traffic Control Leave a Comment

*Updated March, 2023. African swine fever (ASF) has the potential to destroy the U. S. pork industry by killing millions of pigs if it enters the country. A study from Iowa State University projected that if ASF spread to the United States and was not controlled within two years, the pork industry would lose $50 billion over ten years. Even …

A USDA beagle inspector dog wearing a vest that states, USDA Beagle Brigade.

International Travel: A Disease Risk for Livestock

Samantha ShieldsFarm Visitors, Livestock diseases Leave a Comment

During October 2019, Australia’s agriculture minister cancelled a Vietnamese woman’s visa after authorities found 22 pounds of undeclared food products in her luggage. The luggage contained pork, quail, squid, pâté, fruit, eggs and garlic (Griffiths, 2019). International travel and trade increases the risks of introducing a foreign/exotic disease or pest into another country. Australia had to develop an extensive eradication …